It is said that Artemis helped her mother Leto birth Apollo immediately after her own birth. Artemis was one of the most widely venerated of the gods and one of the oldest Burkert , Her later association with the moon is a popular idea which has little foundation but may be related to her association with Diana during the Roman period. By extension, She became identified with Selene a Titan ess who was a Greek moon goddess, and she was sometimes depicted with a crescent moon above her head.
She was also associated with the Etruscan goddess Artume. However, Artemis and Apollo were both firmly established deities in the area long before the arrival of Zeus. This is another case of the conquering God being married off to or otherwise identified with the existing Gods and Goddesses to justify His rule and that of His subjects over those who were there before.
Artemis was born on the sixth day of the month and immediately assisted her mother in bearing her brother Apollo, who was born a day later. The worship of Apollo and Artemis is believed to have come from the Hyperboreans. An account by Callimachus has it that Hera forbade Leto to give birth on either terra firma the mainland or on an island. Hera was angry with Zeus, her husband, because he had impregnated Leto.
But the island of Delos or Ortygia in the Homeric Hymn to Apollo received her so Leto was able to birth her twins there and Delos was therafter sacred to them. Most but all myths agree that Artemis was born first and some say she immediately turned to assist her mother with the birth of Apollo. Another story has Artemis and Apollo born to Demeter by Poseidon.
It actually makes sense for Artemis to be the child of Poseidon than Zeus since her companions are Oceanids and her curse on Agammemnon resulted in the delay of the Trojan war due to the inability of a fleet to sail. Artemis and Apollo both ruled over healing, but also over plague and sudden death. Artemis was both a protector of small children and women in childbirth and credited with the death of women in childbirth.
Likewise, she was both a huntress and the protectress of the woodland creatures. According to legend, Artemis asked Zeus, and was granted, the privilege of remaining unmarried and though she had many companions, did not seek out or accept the touch of any male, mortal or God. In addition to her chastity, Artemis was granted four stags with golden horns to draw her chariot, and lop-eared hounds, gifted to her by Pan and nymphs, the daughters of Oceanus , to be her companions and a silver bow and arrows made by Hephaestus which is often associated with the crescent moon.
Folklore implies that she expected all of her followers to also remain chaste. History implies also that her Priests and Priestesses took vows of chastity and were severely punished if these were broken. She was once bathing in a vale on Mount Cithaeron, when the Theban prince and hunter Actaeon stumbled across her.
One version of this story says that Actaeon hid in the bushes and spied on her as she continued to bathe; she was enraged to discover the spy, and turned him into a stag which was pursued and killed by his own hounds. Alternatively, Actaeon boasted that he was a better hunter than she and Artemis turned him into a stag and he was eaten by his hounds. In some versions of the story of Adonis , Artemis sent a boar to kill Adonis as punishment for his hubristic boast that he was a better hunter than she.
In other versions, Artemis killed him for revenge.
Adonis had been a favorite of Aphrodite , and Aphrodite was responsible for the death of Hippolytus, who had been a favorite of Artemis. Other sources place the responsibility for the death of Adonis on the shoulders of a jealous Ares. The story of Orion says that he was a hunter. In some versions he was a companion to Artemis who was seduced by Selene , the Goddess of the Moon.
Furious that Orion had betrayed his chastity, she sent a scorpion to kill him. Another story that resulted in the same constellation says that Gaia sent a scorpion to kill him because he was such a good hunter he endangered the balance of nature. Yet another version says that Orion tried to rape Artemis or one of her maidens and thus received his fate. Yet another version says that Artemis fell in love with Orion and her brother Apollo tricked her into killing him, so as to protect her maidenhood.
When the girl could no longer hide her pregnancy, she confessed and Artemis turned her into a bear. Her son was Arcas and while hunting as a young man, he came upon the bear that was his mother and nearly killed her, but Artemis or Zeus stopped him and Callisto was then put into the sky as a constellation Ursa Major, the Great Bear, also known as the Plough. Some versions say that Arcas was also put into the sky at this time Ursa Minor but he has more story of his own. Artemis punished Agamemnon after he killed a sacred stag in a sacred grove and boasted that he was a better hunter.
The seer Calchis advised Agamemnon that the only way to appease Artemis was to sacrifice his daughter Iphigenia. Century Link is pleased to bring the residents of Artemas, Pennsylvania fast, reliable internet service. Whether you need to check email, shop online, or conduct business, Century Link gives you the flexibility of having a reliable high speed internet connection no matter where you live.
How not to lose your life: in practice Continuation of Blog 1 In our first blog we talked about responsibilities, trust and professionalism. Richard Quinn. The Gold Watch. In the operation of the chuck, the work, such as a slim rod, is passed through the collet and rests in the bore 14 of the latter. Archived from the original on Retrieved Harvard Gazette.
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